IDENTIFIKASI KARAKTER VEGETATIF BEBERAPA GENOTIPE PADI LOKAL KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI

Chairil Ezward, Irfan Suliansyah, Nalwida Rozen, Indra Dwipa

Sari


Characterization is an observation process with the aim to find out the character of a plant. This study aims to identify and characterize 26 local rice genotypes in Kuantan Singingi Regency in the growth phase. This study uses a deliberate sampling method (purposive random sampling). Data was collected by identifying the characteristics of 26 local rice genotypes in Kuantan Singingi Regency directly to the field. Location data collection which is used as a place for sampling is done through exploration. Data observations were made on samples based on the Ministry of Agriculture's (2013) and IRRI's (2007) rice characterization and evaluation system guidelines. The observed characters are qualitative and quantitative characters. Qualitative characters are characters that cannot be measured in units but can be converted through scoring data. Quantitative characters are characters that can be measured by the instrument and have units. Observations on quantitative data are : Plant length, stem diameter, leaf blade length, leaf blade width, ligula length, number of tillers. While the qualitative data are: Auricle color / auricle (WA). Ligule shape / leaf tongue (BL). Color Ligule / leaf tongue (WL). Color Collar / leaf collar (WCo). Plant Shape (BT). Observation data is processed using software Ms. Excel and (NTSYS-pc) version 2.02. Obtained a diversity of morphological characters in the vegetative phase, both quantitative and qualitative. Similarity analysis of 26 local rice genotypes with a 30% similarity coefficient resulted in six (6) groups.
Keywords : Characterization, morphology, rice

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Adik Supriyanti, Supriyanta, Kristamtini. 2015. Karakterisasi Dua Puluh Padi (Oryza sativa. L.) Lokal Di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Vegetalika Vol. 4 No. 3, 2015: 29-41 29

Bioversity International, IRRI and WARDA. 2007. Descriptors for wild and cultivated rice (Oryza spp.). Bioversity International, Rome, Italy; International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines; WARDA, Africa Rice Center, Cotonou, Benin. ISBN-13: 978-92-9043-716-1. ISBN-10: 92-9043-716-2

Cahyarini RD, Yunus A, Purwanto E. 2004. Identifikasi Keragaman Genetik Beberapa Varietas Lokal Kedelai di Jawa Berdasarkan Analisis Isozim. Agrosains 6 (2):79-83

Daradjat, A.A., M. Noch, dan M.T. Danakusuma. 1991. Diversitas Genetik Pada Beberapa Sifat Kuantitatif Tanaman Terigu (Triticum aestivium L.). Zuriat 2 (1): 21-25.

Endah, L.S., P. Nunik., S. Ariyanti and H. Sunarso. 2003. Relationship of 18 Taro (Colacasia esculenta.L) collections from Bogor based or mofphological and isozymes characters. Kumpulan Abstrak Seminar Nasional X Persada. Bogor. 156p

Ichsan CN. 2006. Uji Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Beberapa Varietas Padi (oryza sativa l.) Yang Diproduksi Pada Temperatur Yang Berbeda Selama Kemasakan Jurnal. Floratek 2 : 37 – 42

Komisi Nasional Plasma Nutfah (2003) Panduan sistem karakterisasi dan evaluasi tanaman padi. Jakarta, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Sekretariat Komisi Nasional Plasma Nutfah. Bogor.

Lakitan, B. 2007. Fisiologi Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tanaman. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta

Lee, M. 1998. DNA Markers for Detecting Genetic Realtionship among Germplasm Revealed for Establishing Heterotic Groups. Presented at The Maize Training Course, CIMMYT, Texcoco, Mexico, August 25 1998

Mirza Bintang Ahimsya, Panjisakti Basunanda, Supriyanta. 2018. Karakterisasi Morfologi dan Fotoperiodisme Padi Lokal (Oryza sativa L.) Indonesia Morfology and Photoperiodism Characterisation of Indonesian Local Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Vegetalika. 2018. 7(1): 52-65

Neeraja C.N., A.S. Hariprasad, S. Malathi, E.A. Siddiq. 2005. Characterization of Tall Landraces of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Using Gene-Derived Simple Sequence Repeats. Current Science.

Rembang J.H.W, Abdul W. R, dan Joula O.M. S. 2018. Karakter Morfologi Padi Sawah Lokal di Lahan Petani Sulawesi Utara (Morphological Character of Local Irrigated Rice on Farmer Field in North Sulawesi). Bul. Plasma Nutfah 24(1):1–8

Rozika., R.H. Murti dan A. Purwanti. 2013. Eksplorasi dan Karakteristik Sawo (Manicara zapota.L (Van Royen) di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Vegetalika 2 (4) : 101-104

Santoso, P.J dan Y.Z. Joni 2010. Karakteristik dan Kekerabatan Enam Aksesi pepaya dari Kabupaten Padang Pariaman Sumatera Barat. Di dalam : Peran Strategis Sains dan Ttehnologi dalam Mencapai Kemandirian Bangsa. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Tehnologi-III; Lampung 18-19 Oktober 2010. Lembag Penelitian Universitas Lampung

Situmeang, H.D. 2013. Peran Plasma Nutfah sebagai Sumber Daya Genetik dalam Mendukung Program Pemuliaan Tanaman. Makalah Publikasi Hasil Penelitian BBPPTP (Balai Besar Perbeihan dan Proteksi Tanaman Perkebunan). Medan

Suhartini, T. & Sutoro. 2007. Pengelompokan plasma nutfah spesies padi liar (Oryza spp.) berdasarkan peubah kuantitatif tanaman. Berita Biologi, 8 (6), 445–453

Syukur M, Sriani S, Rahmi Y. 2012. Teknik Pemuliaan Tanaman, Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31869/mi.v14i2.1749

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Kunjungan Sampai Saat ini    Web
Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter Flag Counter