Author Guidelines

Notes for Authors

  • Only registered users can submit manuscripts to Ruhama: Islamic Education Journal. A user has to be registered as an Author in order to submit a manuscript
  • To submit a paper follow the New Submission link in your user profile, next to "Author"
  • The standard manuscript length is 12 to 18 pages. However, there is no page limit for papers submitted to Ruhama: Islamic Education Journal
  • The manuscript should be written in English and papers are generally consisted of title (text size of 16), author affiliation, abstract, keywords, introduction, body, conclusions and references (text size of 12), table/diagram (text size of 11). A paper may also include appendixes and an acknowledgement. The abstract is written concisely and factually, includes the purpose of research, the method of research, the result and conclusion of the research and should concisely state the content of the paper. The abstract is written in English and Indonesian language, in account between 150 - 250 words in one paragraph ( )
  • Authors must use SI (International System) units and internationally recognized terminology and symbols
  • All graphics and figures in good quality should be attached directly to the body of the paper. Large figures can span both columns. Colour figures and pictures are accepted provided that they are of good quality
  • References are cited in the text using reference manager Mendeley, Zotero, Endnote, etc with style APA. They are listed under the "References" section
  • An Author Profile section located at the end of the manuscript is optional but welcomed
  • Paper size A4, margins Top, Left: 3 cm and Bottom, Right 2,5 cm. Please download and follow our live template to format your manuscript
  • All instructions and styles are included in the template in order to help authors to achieve fast and easy formating
  • If you experience any problems during the submission through our page (e.g. upload time-out in case of large files) please contact the editor
  • Make sure you have read Author Fees


General standards

Language Editing

Ruhama requires manuscripts submitted to meet international standards for the English language to be considered for publication. Articles are normally published only in English. 

For authors who would like their manuscript to receive language editing or proofing to improve the clarity of the manuscript and help highlight their research, Ruhama recommends the language-editing services provided by the internal or external partners (email:

Note that sending your manuscript for language editing does not imply or guarantee that it will be accepted for publication by the Ruhama: Islamic Education Journal. Editorial decisions on the scientific content of a manuscript are independent of whether it has received language editing or proofing by the partner services, or other services.


Language Style

The default language style at Ruhama is British English. If you prefer your article to be formatted in American English, please specify this on your manuscript on the first page.  To understand British and American English please (sambungkan ke link:

Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

There are a few simple ways to maximize your article's discoverability. Follow the steps below to improve the search results of your article:

  • Include a few of your article's keywords in the title of the article;
  • Do not use long article titles;
  • Pick 3 to 5 keywords using a mix of generic and more specific terms on the article subject(s);
  • Use the maximum amount of keywords in the first 2 sentences of the abstract;
  • Use some of the keywords in level 1 headings.


The title is written in title case, aligned to the left, and in Times New Roman font at the top of the page.

The title should be concise, omitting terms that are implicit and, where possible, be a statement of the main result or conclusion presented in the manuscript. Abbreviations should be avoided within the title.

Witty or creative titles are welcome, but only if relevant and within the measure. Consider if a title meant to be thought-provoking might be misinterpreted as offensive or alarming. In extreme cases, the editorial office may veto a title and propose an alternative.

Authors should try to avoid, if possible:

  • Titles that are a mere question without giving the answer.
  • Unambitious titles, for example, starting with "Towards", "A description of", "A characterization of", "Preliminary study on".
  • Vague titles, for example, starting with "Role of...", "Link between...", "Effect of..." do not specify the role, link, or effect.
  • Include terms that are out of place, for example, the taxonomic affiliation apart from the species name.


Authors and Affiliations

All names are listed together and separated by commas. Provide exact and correct author names as these will be indexed in official archives. Affiliations should be keyed to the author's name with superscript numbers and be listed as follows: Institute/University/Organisation, Country (without detailed address information such as city zip codes or street names).

Example: Muhammadiyah University of West Sumatra, West Sumatra, Indonesia.

The Corresponding Author(s) should be marked with superscript. Provide the exact contact email address of the corresponding author(s) in a separate section below the affiliation.


Headings and Sub-Headings

Capitalize on headings and capitalize each word of sub-headings. Headings and subheadings need to be defined in Arial, 12, bold.



As a primary goal, the abstract should render the general significance and conceptual advance of the work clearly accessible to a broad readership. In the abstract, minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references. The word length is not more than 150-250 words, written in English and Indonesia.


  • Background of study
  • Aims and scope of the paper
  • Methods
  • Summary of result or findings
  • Conclusions


All article types: you may provide up to 5 keywords; at least 3 are mandatory.


The body text is in 12 points normal Times New Roman. New paragraphs will be separated with a single empty line. The entire document should be single-spaced and should contain page and line numbers in order to facilitate the review process. The Ruhama: Islamic Education Journal recommended manuscript written using MS-Word 97-2003.



The use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum. Non-standard abbreviations should be avoided unless they appear at least four times, and are defined upon first use in the main text. Consider also giving a list of non-standard abbreviations at the end, immediately before the Acknowledgments.



Your manuscript is organized by headings and subheadings.

For Original Research Articles, it is recommended to organize your manuscript in the following sections:



The introduction is a little different from the short and concise abstract. The reader needs to know the background to your research and, most importantly, why your research is important in this context. What critical question does your research address? Why should the reader be interested?

The purpose of the Introduction is to stimulate the reader's interest and to provide pertinent background information necessary to understand the rest of the paper. You must summarize the problem to be addressed, give background on the subject, discuss previous research on the topic, and explain exactly what the paper will address, why, and how. A good thing to avoid is making your introduction into a minireview. There is a huge amount of literature out there, but as a scientist, you should be able to pick out the things that are most relevant to your work and explain why. This shows an editor/reviewer/reader that you really understand your area of research and that you can get straight to the most important issues.

Keep your Introduction to be very concise, well structured, and inclusive of all the information needed to follow the development of your findings. Do not over-burden the reader by making the introduction too long. Get to the key parts of other paper sooner rather than later.


  1. Begin the Introduction by providing a concise background account of the problem studied.
  2. State the objective of the investigation. Your research objective is the most important part of the introduction.
  3. Establish the significance of your work: Why was there a need to conduct the study?
  4. Introduce the reader to the pertinent literature. Do not give a full history of the topic. Only quote previous work having a direct bearing on the present problem. (State of the art, relevant research to justify the novelty of the manuscript.)
  5. State the gap analysis or novelty statement.
  6. Clearly state your hypothesis, the variables investigated, and concisely summarize the methods used.
  7. Define any abbreviations or specialized/regional terms.

Example of novelty statement or the gap analysis statement at the end of Introduction section (after the state of the art of previous research survey): "........ (short summary of background)....... A few researchers focused on ....... There have been limited studies concerned on ........ Therefore, this research intends to ................. The objectives of this research are .........".

Be concise and aware of who will be reading your manuscript and make sure the Introduction is directed to that audience. Move from general to specific; from the problem in the real world to the literature to your research. Lastly, please avoid making a subsection in the Introduction.



In the Method section, you explain clearly how you conducted your research order to: (1) enable readers to evaluate the work performed and (2) permit others to replicate your research. You must describe exactly what you did: what and how experiments were run, what, how much, how often, where, when, and why equipment and materials were used. The main consideration is to ensure that enough detail is provided to verify your findings and to enable the replication of the research. You should maintain a balance between brevity (you cannot describe every technical issue) and completeness (you need to give adequate detail so that readers know what happened).


  1. Define the population and the methods of sampling;
  2. Describe the instrumentation;
  3. Describe the procedures and if relevant, the time frame;
  4. Describe the analysis plan;
  5. Describe any approaches to ensure validity and reliability;
  6. Describe statistical tests and the comparisons made; ordinary statistical methods should be used without comment; advanced or unusual methods may require a literature citation, and;
  7. Describe the scope and/or limitations of the methodology you used.

In the social and behavioural sciences, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow other researchers to adopt or replicate your methodology. This information is particularly important when a new method has been developed or innovative use of an existing method is utilized. Last, please avoid making a subsection in Method.


Result and Discussion