Reinterpretasi Ketentuan Hukum terhadap Anak Akibat dari Perkawinan Siri di Indonesia

Irwan Safaruddin Harahap

Sari


This paper attempts to examine the protection of siri married children by focusing on the problem (1) How is the Protection of the Law against the Child from the unregistered marriages? and (2) How is the position of a child born of unregistered marriages to inheritance? The results revealed that (1) Protection of the Law against the Child from the Betel Betrayal The position of the child in Islamic law still obtains the same recognition as the registered marriage. However, in the eyes of state law, in the absence of a marriage certificate of his parents, the child's birth certificate does not contain the name of his biological father and only the name of the mother who gave birth. (2) Position of a child born of unregistered marriages to inheritance. The child is considered as a child outside marriage so that it can not do legal relationship with civil father biologisnya, but with the decision of the Constitutional Court the child has a civil relationship with a biological father and his father's family. Currently in our positive legal system there is a change, both the status of the inheritance rights of the siri daughter, where now the child of the siri marriage can sue for civil rights from his father. Currently the government will issue a birth certificate that records the father's name of the child of the marriage series. The law commands the recognition of a child born of a marriage that is lawful according to religious law, but is not yet lawful by country.


Kata Kunci


Law Protection; Children; Siri Marriage

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Buku:

Arif Gosita. (1996). Masalah Perlindungan Anak. Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo.

Lois Ma’luf. (tt.). al-Munjid, al-Mathba’ah al-Katsolikiyyah. Beirut: tp.

Masjfuk Zuhdi. (1996). “Nikah Siri di Bawah Tangan dan Status Anaknya Menurut Hujum Islam dan Hukum Positif”, Jurnal Mimbar Hukum, No 28 Tahun VII. Jakarta: Al Hikmah Ditbinbapera Islam.

Riduan Syahrani. (1989). Seluk Beluk dan Asas-Asas Hukum Perdata, Cet II. Jakarta: Penerbit Alumni.

R. Subekti dan R. Tjitrosudibio. (1983). Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Perundang-undang:

Undang-undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2014 tentang Perlindungan Anak

Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan

Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2006 tentang Administrasi Kependudukan Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010 tentang anak luar kawin yang tidak sempat diakui atau tidak pernah diakui oleh Pewaris.

Peraturan Menteri Koordinator Bidang Kesra Republik Indonesia No 07 Tahun 2014 Tentang rencana aksi nasional perlindungan dan pemberdayaan perempuan dan anak Fatwa dari Majelis Ulama Indonesia tanggal 10 Maret 2012 tentang anak siri berhak atas wasiat wajibah.


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