POLUSI UDARA DAN PENYAKIT KARDIOVASKULAR: TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

Sidhi Laksono, Nadia Afiyani

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Latar belakang: Berdasarkan data dari organisasi kesehatan dunia (WHO) 99% populasi dunia hidup dan menghirup udara dengan paparan polusi yang melebihi batas aman menurut pedoman WHO. Polusi udara dapat berdampak buruk pada kesehatan terutama pada sistem kardiovaskular. Berbagai penyakit kardiovaskular seperti hipertensi, gagal jantung, penyakit jantung koroner, aritmia, thrombosis vena, serta permasalahan pada sistem serebrovaskular seperti stroke diketahui berhubungan dengan paparan polusi udara sehari-hari. Metode: studi ini merupakan sebuah literature review. Penelusuran literatur menggunakan database dari pubmed dan google scholar. Didapatkan 35 jurnal dalam bahasa inggris. Hasil dan kesimpulan: paparan polusi udara dapat berdampak buruk pada kesehatan terutama pada sistem kardiovaskular, baik paparan jangka pendek maupun paparan jangka panjang. Berbagai penyakit kardiovaskular seperti hipertensi, gagal jantung, penyakit jantung koroner, aritmia, thrombosis vena, serta permasalahan pada sistem serebrovaskular seperti stroke diketahui berhubungan dengan paparan polusi udara sehari-hari. Diperlukan upaya yang bersinergis antar negara dan mencangkup setiap lapisan masyarakat untuk menurunkan paparan polusi udara.

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31869/mm.v6i1.4696

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